Headlines 24.nl verzamelt actueel nieuws via de rss feeds van online kranten. Op elk moment geven wij al het laatste nieuws overzichtelijk weer.

Tevens kunt u inloggen om uw eigen nieuws pagina samen te stellen en zo alleen het nieuws te zien dat u interesseert.




How the West Was Wired

how-the-west-was-wired12/06 16:45 - How the West Was Wired
Alexander Graham Bell introduced the telephone in 1876, and before you know it, cities were being wired for communication. That infrastructure was pretty much limited to cities, though, and later to small towns that weren't too far apart. Out in the western US, farmers and homesteaders were ignored by Ma Bell because of the expense of running phone lines to isolated farms and towns spread out over many miles. However, two years before Bell's invention, barbed wire was patented, and it had already transformed the West by making miles of fencing affordable.Then came a rural revolution. American farmers already had a long tradition of cooperative association. There were thousands of farmers' cooperative insurance groups, grain elevators, and irrigation systems. By the turn of the century, farmers had come to see many uses for the telephone: dealing with emergencies, getting weather reports, pricing crops, recruiting labor, and even overcoming rural isolation. Not surprisingly, they started rural telephone cooperatives by the thousands. Their telephone "mutuals" were crude affairs. Each linked together a few, or a few dozen, farm households. Some used a switchboard, located in a store or more often in someone's kitchen, while others operated as a community party line.It was in building the network connecting homestead to homestead that the farmers' ingenuity came to the fore. Instead of erecting new poles and wires, many either ran phone wires along the top of wooden fence posts or used the barbed wire itself to carry signals. The latter hardly worked as well as insulated copper wire, but with the lines already in place, installation and operating costs could be kept to a minimum. By one estimate, service ran a mere $3 to $18 a year, far less than the regional phone companies charged, and labor for maintaining the network was supplied by volunteers.Read about how barbwire phone networks worked at Inc. There's more on how these networks were used by the people who needed them most at Atlas Obscura. -via Metafilter (Image source: Library of Congress)...


 
 

Meer over lifestyle

13/02 16:30 Marc Houtzager ambassadeur en adviseur Outdoor Gelderland

13/02 15:30 Lennard de Boer binnenkort naar KvK

13/02 15:15 Ik Ciao Sicilia

13/02 14:45 Zelfrijdende Apple-auto's hebben vaakst noodingreep nodig

13/02 14:45 Myla van ‘Hopelijk verder werken naar internationaal niveau’

13/02 13:30 'Apple wil 50 procent inkomsten van betaalde nieuwsapp'

13/02 13:30 Dronemaker DJI past software tegen drones bij vliegvelden aan

13/02 11:45 Jumbo verkoopt verrassingsbox tegen voedselverspilling

13/02 11:45 'Apple wil 50 procent inkomsten van van betaalde nieuwsapp'

13/02 11:45  regering moet Facebook dwingen tot openheid over politieke advertenties

13/02 11:45 Gotcha-Utopia x Jazz naar Stoeterij Blue Hors

13/02 11:30 Flitsmeister geeft nu meldingen bij gevaarlijke overwegen

13/02 11:30 Eigenaresse paardenopvang opnieuw in opspraak wegens mishandeling

13/02 10:45 Game-uitgever Activision Blizzard schrapt 800 banen

13/02 10:45 'Apple wil 50 procent inkomsten van media bij betaalde nieuwsapp'

13/02 10:45 Oog voor detail? Dan is dít jouw droomhuis (of nou ja, appartement)

13/02 10:45 Hé plantenmama, zo verzorg je de populairste kamerplanten

13/02 10:15 De do’s en don’ts voor een rustig interieur (tips van een interieurexpert)

13/02 10:15 Dit koop je voor €225.000 in Rotterdam, Groningen en Eindhoven

13/02 09:45 Eén wijziging in KNHS-wedstrijdreglement endurance

13/02 09:30 Actie tegen eenzaamheid bij ‘Deel je wei, iedereen blij’

13/02 08:45 Quel Homme de Hus opnieuw in handen van Jérôme Guéry

13/02 07:30 Andrew Hoy tijdelijk herenigd met Olympiade-paard Rutherglen

13/02 05:45 Petro Canada FM

13/02 01:30 Does Laughter Hold the Key to Human Consciousness?

12/02 22:30 Sven Peters staat er ‘Channel laat je nooit in de steek’

12/02 21:45 Ook gok- en porno-apps misbruiken achterdeurtje Apple

12/02 21:30 Directeur we hebben last van Internet, Kruidvat en Aldi

12/02 21:30 De drie beste smartphones onder de 250 euro

12/02 20:45 Internet, Kruidvat en Aldi nekken Intertoys

12/02 20:45 Bill Gates droomt van nieuwe generatie wc’s

12/02 20:30 ‘617 miljoen gestolen accounts van 16 sites te koop’

12/02 20:30 Geen schermen zijn hologrammen de toekomst?

12/02 20:30 EK-pony Charina du Bois overleden

12/02 19:45 An Experiment in Learning

12/02 19:45 These Popular Socks Help Those In Need

12/02 19:30 Nederland vieste jongetje van de nauwelijks duurzame energie

12/02 19:30  dit hotel zit in een steengroeve

12/02 19:30 De beste smartphones tot 250 euro

12/02 19:30 Isabell Werth geeft clinic op Indoor Brabant

12/02 18:30 Frogs (1972)

12/02 18:30 The Best and Worst Political Campaign Songs (But Mostly the Worst)

12/02 18:30 Bees Can Learn Math!

12/02 18:30 Why a Dead Pope Was Put on Trial

12/02 18:30 Gravity – Defying Dance

12/02 18:30 Why We Believe Despite The Contrary

12/02 18:30 An Off-Trail Wedding

12/02 18:30 Scientists Successfully Regenerate Mouse Toes After Amputation

12/02 17:30 America’s Pistachio Industry Came From a Single Seed

12/02 17:30 The Beauty of Abandoned Buildings

 

login Member login

Emailadres

Wachtwoord

 

kranten Regionaal nieuws

 

kranten Actueel nieuws

 

Google

 

weer Weer

 

verkeer Verkeer

 

nieuwsbrief Nieuwsbrief

Emailadres